What Tax Breaks Are Available for UK Companies Investing in Electric Vehicle Technology?

As governments across the globe strive to make our world more sustainable, electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly prevalent. In the United Kingdom, the government is keen on promoting the use of EVs and has introduced a range of incentives to encourage businesses to adopt this greener mode of transport. If your company is considering investing in electric car technology, it is essential to understand the significant tax benefits available to you, which can significantly reduce your capital cost.

Understanding the significance of Electric Vehicles for Businesses

In the global push towards a greener and more sustainable future, electric cars are set to play a pivotal role. By investing in electric vehicles, companies not only contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions but also benefit from significant cost savings in the longer run. With governments offering generous tax breaks and grants, the cost of owning an EV can be substantially lower than traditional internal combustion engine vehicles.

The UK government is at the forefront of this push. There are several incentives in place to motivate businesses to transition to electric cars, ranging from grants for purchasing EVs to tax breaks for installing charging infrastructure. Investing in EVs could potentially save your company thousands of pounds each year, making it a financially sound decision.

Grants for Electric Vehicles and Charging Infrastructure

The UK government encourages the adoption of electric vehicles through the Plug-In Car Grant. This grant reduces the price of brand new low-emission vehicles by providing a discount to the cost. It's not only the EVs that receive a financial boost. The Electric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme (EVHS) provides grants for the installation of home charging points. Businesses can claim up to 75% of the total cost (including VAT) of installation, capped at £350 for each socket.

Additionally, the Workplace Charging Scheme (WCS) is another grant that businesses can benefit from. This scheme is a voucher-based system that provides support towards the upfront costs of purchasing and installing electric vehicle charge-points, for eligible businesses, charities and public sector organisations.

Capital Allowances for Electric Cars

When you purchase an electric car for your business, you can claim a 100% first-year allowance (FYA) against the cost of the car. This allowance means that you can deduct the full cost of the electric car from your pre-tax profits in the year of purchase. This substantial tax relief can significantly lower the capital cost of transitioning to electric vehicles.

Additionally, if you lease an electric vehicle, you can claim the cost of the lease as a business expense, further reducing your taxable income. Please note that to qualify for these benefits, the cars must be new and not used.

Benefit-in-Kind Tax Rates for Electric Vehicles

Benefit-in-kind (BIK) tax rates also favour electric vehicles. A BIK is a benefit that employees or directors receive from their employment but are not included in their salary or wages. For the tax year 2024/25, the BIK tax rate for electric cars is just 2%, compared to rates of up to 37% for cars with higher CO2 emissions. This low rate makes electric company cars a highly attractive proposition for both employers and employees.

Enhanced Capital Allowances for Charging Points

Companies that install electric vehicle charging points at their property can benefit from enhanced capital allowances (ECAs). ECAs enable businesses to claim 100% first-year capital allowances on qualifying plant and machinery. This means your company can write off the cost of the charging point against your taxable profits in the year of purchase, providing a substantial cash flow boost.


While this article provides a comprehensive overview of the tax breaks available, it is always recommended to consult with a tax professional to understand how these incentives apply to your specific circumstances. The UK government's commitment to promoting electric vehicles offers a significant opportunity for businesses to not only contribute to a more sustainable future but also save significantly on their taxes. Investing in electric vehicle technology is not just an environmentally responsible decision, it is also a sound business move.

Salary Sacrifice Schemes for Electric Vehicles

A salary sacrifice scheme is an agreement between the employer and employee, where the employee agrees to forego part of their salary in return for a non-cash benefit, such as a company car. Salary sacrifice schemes for electric vehicles are particularly attractive due to the low benefit-in-kind tax rates for electric cars.

If your company offers a salary sacrifice scheme for electric vehicles, both the employer and employee can enjoy significant tax savings. As the employer, you won't have to pay National Insurance contributions on the part of the employee's salary that they sacrifice for an electric car. Furthermore, the employee's taxable income is reduced, meaning they pay less income tax.

However, there are certain rules to consider with a salary sacrifice scheme. For instance, the sacrifice must not reduce an employee's cash earnings below the national minimum wage or national living wage. Also, the scheme should be put in writing, either as a variation to the employee's contract or as a standalone agreement.

Electric Vehicles and Corporation Tax

Investing in electric vehicles also has implications for your corporation tax. As a limited company, you have the ability to claim allowances for the costs of buying and using electric vehicles within your business. These can reduce the amount of corporation tax you need to pay.

For example, if you buy a new electric car, you can claim a 100% first-year allowance, which means you can deduct the full cost of the car from your profits before tax. Likewise, if you lease an electric vehicle, you can claim the cost of the lease as a business expense, reducing your taxable profits.

Furthermore, the government's enhanced capital allowances (ECAs) allow businesses to claim 100% first-year capital allowances on qualifying expenditure, such as the cost of installing electric vehicle charging points. This means that you can write off the whole cost of the charging point against your taxable profits in the year of purchase.


With the UK government's strong commitment to promoting the use of electric vehicles, there are numerous financial incentives available for businesses that choose to invest in this technology. From grants and tax breaks to benefit-in-kind rates and salary sacrifice schemes, the benefits can significantly reduce the capital cost of transitioning to electric vehicles.

However, it's important to remember that tax legislation can be complex and the benefits can vary depending on your specific circumstances. Therefore, it's advisable to seek professional advice to ensure that you are maximising the potential tax savings from your investment in electric vehicle technology.

Ultimately, investing in electric vehicles is not just about financial gain. It's an opportunity for businesses to make a positive contribution to the environment by reducing carbon emissions, leading the way in sustainable transport solutions, and setting a positive example for others to follow.